I think the answer is yes. Using such models to determine the likelihood of a person leaving a company for HR purposes (such as who to fire next) is one example of an area in which predictive models are less than welcome. Using them as part of government internal operations against its own people is equally unwelcome: given how many models depend on neural networks and proprietary algorithms, there's a significant lack of transparence that is very easy to abuse. An 'insider-tracking predictive model', of any sort, is a worrying idea when run by a government which has lost the trust of it's people. Actually, any organization which stands for integrity and transparency, by own will or by nature of their pre-defined role, should be extremely cautious with such models, and have a carefully thought out system set up to deal with false positives before implementing predictive models and making them part of their daily business.
The Way The Pentagon Is Predicting Your Potential To Become A National Threat Is Frightening
Guilty until proven guilty.